Cyrillic

Shaded cells in the chart below mark letters that exist in the specific row-labelled Cyrillic script.

Note that Ы is one letter, of which both disjoint parts are also letters, and for which all three exist in Belarusian and Kazakh.

The following is a chart of only differences.

These charts do not list all languages that use the Cyrillic script, only those that are a national language of a country of at least partial recognition. There exist Cyrillic letters that exist only in languages not in these charts, like Җ in Kalmyk and Ӳ in Chuvash.

Slow Loves

This is a listing of works for which my experience has been:

  • When I was first exposed to the work, I didn’t particularly like it. If I’ve been told it was a great work, my first thoughts were that it was overhyped.
  • A substantial amount of time after my first time experiencing the work, usually at least a few months, I gradually grew a deep fondness for the work.

It’s an interesting phenomenon that often evokes introspection. In any case, oftentimes how much I like these slowly-favored works ends up being even more than works I really like on the first go. It could be that a general pattern is a newfound familiarity and appreciation of wonderful complex structures.

Classical Music

Chromatic Fantasy and Fugue (Johann Sebastian Bach)
Wanderer Fantasy (Franz Schubert)
Fantasy (Fryderyk Chopin)
Ballade No. 4 (Fryderyk Chopin)
Transcendental Etude No. 11 (Franz Liszt)
Piano Concerto No. 3 (Sergei Rachmaninoff)

More Modern Music

Promontory (Trevor Jones and Randy Edelman, from Last of the Mohicans)
Sahara (Nightwish)
Meadows of Heaven (Nightwish)

Mathematical Concepts

Borsuk-Ulam Theorem

Video Games

Undertale (Toby Fox)

COVID-19 Deaths in the US versus Elsewhere

To give a sense of how badly the United States has handled the COVID-19 pandemic, here’s a comparison of US states to selected major countries of the world in the number of COVID-19 deaths per capita the entity has experienced, as of the end of August 19.

[most deaths per capita]
New Jersey (worst-performing US state)
New York
Massachusetts
San Marino (worst-performing country of any size)
Connecticut
[1 death per 1000 capita]
Louisiana
Rhode Island
Belgium (worst-performing macroscopic country)
Peru
Mississippi
Michigan
Arizona
Illinois
Spain
Delaware
United Kingdom
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Italy
Sweden
Chile
United States, average
Brazil
[1 death per 2000 capita]
Indiana
France
Florida
South Carolina
Georgia
Mexico
Alabama
Nevada
Texas
Netherlands
Ireland
Bolivia
Ecuador
New Mexico
Ohio
Colorado
Iowa
Minnesota (median-performing US state)
Colombia
New Hampshire
California
Virginia
Armenia
Missouri
Iran
Washington
Canada
North Carolina
Switzerland
Tennessee
South Africa
Arkansas
[1 death per 5000 capita]
Nebraska
Kentucky
Wisconsin
Oklahoma
South Dakota
North Dakota
Idaho
Romania
Iraq
Kansas
Argentina
Dominican Republic
Guatemala
Utah
Oman
Germany
Russia
Denmark
Saudi Arabia
[1 death per 10000 capita]
Oregon
Maine
West Virginia
Vermont
Israel
Austria
Montana
Serbia
Bulgaria
Kazakhstan
Turkey
Belarus
Hungary
Finland
Wyoming
Egypt
Poland
Azerbaijan
[1 death per 20000 capita]
Ukraine
Norway
Estonia
Croatia
Alaska
India
Czechia
United Arab Emirates
Algeria
Hawaii (best-performing US state)
Pakistan
Philippines
Bangladesh
Indonesia
Greece
Morocco
[1 death per 50000 capita]
Australia
Sudan
Lebanon
Cameroon
Senegal
[1 death per 100000 capita]
Japan
Kenya
Ghana
South Korea
Slovakia
Singapore
Nigeria
Ethiopia
Tunisia
Jamaica
[1 death per 200000 capita]
Nepal
Malaysia
New Zealand
Georgia
China
Botswana
[1 death per 1000000 capita]
Thailand
Sri Lanka
Tanzania
Uganda
Vietnam
Taiwan
[least deaths per capita]

Laws of No Nice Things

I’d like to propose 3 laws for why there can’t be nice things:

The First Law of Why There Can’t be Nice Things: Parts of systems working well are usually invisible; many parts of systems are only visible when they’re not working well.
Corollary of the First Law: One of the best times for people to realize the value a part of a system brings is after the part is gone.

The Second Law of Why There Can’t be Nice Things: Being unable to solve a problem one’s aware of makes people sadder than either being able to do something about a problem or not knowing about the problem.
Corollary of the Second Law: If one can’t solve a problem, the emotional incentive is to make the problem invisible.

The Third Law of Why There Can’t be Nice Things: It’s very emotionally difficult to demonstrate to someone with a big problem that someone else has a worse problem.
Corollary of the Third Law: To one whose interests are in keeping a system that causes problems, a convenient means of preservation is convincing the various people the system gives problems to that the other people are the problem.

Praise

If someone says something praising you:

Saying something acknowledging like “Thanks! I’m glad you appreciate it!”:

  • Shows alignment of what you and the person praising you appreciates
  • Affirms that the person praising you noticed something you care about

Saying something diverting like “Nah, I’m not even good. Look at [person you claim is better than you].”

  • You may think you’re being humble, but more likely:
  • You’re discrediting the person praising you’s tastes
  • Chances are, the person praising you, if that person has evaluations of own skill on the matter, thinks he/she’s worse than you, and think about how saying you’re not even good makes that person feel

This, of course, is not to say that you should always resort to the first, just that you should be careful about the second. Misalignment of aspects of a person others appreciate with aspects the person wishes to be appreciated is a real and unfortunate problem (“why don’t people appreciate this piece of art/software/music/writing I put so much effort into as much as they appreciate this other thing I made I barely cared about?”), but there’s a substantially worse problem that comes up down the route of the second case.

Name Your Baby!

Have you ever wanted to be better at naming than Elon Musk? Here are 27 superb choices of names for your baby.

1. Å
2. Stravenue
3. Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte
4. Brfxxccxxmnpcccclllmmnprxvclmnckssqlbb11116
5. Cneoridium dumosum (Nuttall) Hooker F. Collected March 26, 1960, at an Elevation of about 1450 Meters on Cerro Quemazón, 15 Miles South of Bahía de Los Angeles, Baja California, México, Apparently for a Southeastward Range Extension of Some 140 Miles
6. b͡βa a’b͡βa
7. 15% or more on car insurance
8. Agloe
9. Gary
10. Ctrl+Alt+PrtSc
11. Bloemfontein;ammonia
12. North
13. FIRE!!!!!!!!!!!!
14. FlRE!!!!!!!!!!!!
15. ())(
16. PART I: NON-CONTRADICTION; CHAPTER I: THE THEME ‘Who is John Galt?’
17. Jimbob
18. FIRE!!!!!!!!1!!!
19. FIREǃǃǃǃǃǃǃǃǃǃǃǃ
20. eval=’eval$q=%q(puts %q(10210/#{1 1 if 1==21}}/.i rescue##/\n1 1″[13,213].max_by{|s|s.size}#”##”).gsub(/\d/){[“=\47eval$q=%q(#$q)#\47##\47\n”,:eval,:instance_,”||=9″][eval$&]}\nexit)#’##’\ninstance_eval=’eval$q=%q(puts %q(10210/#{1 1 if 1==21}}/.i rescue##/\n1 1″[13,213].max_by{|s|s.size}#”##”).gsub(/\d/){[“=\47eval$q=%q(#$q)#\47##\47\n”,:eval,:instance_,”||=9″][eval$&]}\nexit)#’##’\n/#{eval eval if eval==instance_eval}}/.i rescue##/\neval eval”[eval||=9,instance_eval||=9].max_by{|s|s.size}#”##”
21. Narwhals
22.
23.
23. ꙮ_ꙮ
24. seven gazebos drooling ecstasy riding octopi upstairs
25. Egads
26. *******
27. Hurr durr I’ma sheep

150 Cities Everyone Should Know

This is a list of 150 cities that is a good basic set of knowledge, to get to know to have a good geographic grounding. It’s good to just know what country these cities are in, where they are on a map, and possibly know one or two additional facts about the city’s economy, history, or significance.

Morocco (2)
Casablanca
Fez

Algeria (1)
Algiers

Senegal (1)
Dakar

Ghana (1)
Accra

Niger (1)
Niamey

Nigeria (4)
Abuja
Kano
Ibadan
Lagos

Cameroon (1)
Douala

Dem. Rep. of the Congo (1)
Kinshasa

Angola (1)
Luanda

South Africa (2)
Cape Town
Johannesburg

Tanzania (1)
Dar es Salaam

Uganda (1)
Kampala

Kenya (1)
Nairobi

Ethiopia (1)
Addis Ababa

Sudan (1)
Khartoum

Egypt (2)
Cairo
Alexandria

Saudi Arabia (1)
Mecca

United Arab Emirates (1)
Dubai

Iran (1)
Tehran

Iraq (1)
Baghdad

Israel (1)
Jerusalem

Turkey (2)
Istanbul
Ankara

Greece (1)
Athina (Athens)

Serbia (1)
Belgrade

Ukraine (2)
Kiev
Odessa

Romania (1)
Bucharest

Hungary (1)
Budapest

Czechia (1)
Praha (Prague)

Poland (2)
Warszawa (Warsaw)
Krakow

Germany (3)
Berlin
München (Munich)
Hamburg

Austria (1)
Wien (Vienna)

Switzerland (2)
Zürich
Geneve (Geneva)

Italy (2)
Milano (Milan)
Roma (Rome)

Belgium (1)
Brussels

Netherlands (2)
Amsterdam
Den Haag (The Hague)

France (3)
Paris
Lyon
Marseilles

Spain (2)
Madrid
Barcelona

United Kingdom (3)
London
Edinburgh
Belfast

Ireland (1)
Dublin

Denmark (1)
København (Copenhagen)

Norway (1)
Oslo

Sweden (1)
Stockholm

Finland (1)
Helsinki

Russia (5)
Sankt-Peterburg (Saint Petersburg)
Moskva (Moscow)
Kazan
Novosibirsk
Vladivostok

Kazakhstan (1)
Almaty

Uzbekistan (1)
Tashkent

Pakistan (2)
Karachi
Lahore

Nepal (1)
Kathmandu

India (11)
Chandigarh
Delhi
Kanpur
Agra
Ahmedabad
Mumbai (Bombay)
Hyderabad
Bengaluru (Bangalore)
Chennai (Madras)
Kolkata (Calcutta)
Srinagar

Sri Lanka (1)
Colombo

Bangladesh (2)
Dhaka
Chittagong

Myanmar (1)
Yangon

Indonesia (5)
Medan
Jakarta
Yogyakarta
Surabaya
Makassar

Philippines (1)
Manila

Singapore (1)
Singapore

Malaysia (1)
Kuala Lumpur

Thailand (2)
Bangkok
Chiang Mai

Vietnam (2)
Hanoi
Ho Chi Minh City

Taiwan (1)
Taipei

China (12)
Guangzhou
Shenzhen
Hong Kong
Hangzhou
Shanghai
Nanjing
Chengdu
Chongqing
Beijing
Tianjin
Xi’an
Ürümqi

North Korea (1)
Pyongyang

South Korea (3)
Incheon
Seoul
Busan

Japan (4)
Osaka
Nagoya
Tokyo
Sapporo

Australia (2)
Melbourne
Sydney

New Zealand (1)
Auckland

Papua New Guinea (1)
Port Moresby

Canada (3)
Vancouver
Toronto
Montreal

United States (12)
Seattle
San Francisco
Los Angeles
Phoenix
Denver
Dallas
Chicago
Miami
Atlanta
Washington
New York
Boston

Mexico (3)
Ciudad Juarez
Guadalajara
Mexico (Mexico City)

Colombia (1)
Bogota

Peru (1)
Lima

Brazil (4)
Brasilia
Recife
São Paulo
Rio de Janeiro

Argentina (1)
Buenos Aires

Chile (1)
Santiago